A century and a half ago, secession was in full swing throughout the South. South Carolina had left the Union in December 1860 and Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana all followed suit in January. Texas did likewise on Feb. 1, 1861.
But, according to the above map – which breaks down counties based on whether they were for secession, against it or divided – breaking away was anything but unanimous, even in the Deep South.
Not surprisingly, South Carolina was all in for leaving the Union, but North Carolina and Arkansas were also undivided in terms of counties favoring disunion.
Of course, Virginia’s qualms about breaking away are well known, as the wealthier eastern half of the state was far more likely to align itself with Confederate interests than the western half which in 1863 became the state of West Virginia.
But what’s really interesting is that states such as Alabama and Georgia apparently had some real division regarding secession, at least in terms of county delegations.
Nearly all of upper Alabama was either against secession or divided on the issue, while a considerable portion of Georgia was likewise split. Even Mississippi had several counties that are against disunion.
(Hat tip: SC6)